5.1 Practices Used for Water Conservation


1 Innovative Practice


So far, we have read the concept of water conservation and its method to save more water. Now let’s come to understand the other innovative water conservation practices in India.

  • Cycle Run Water Pumps
  • This technique is designed for small-scale farmers who can’t afford costly diesel motors; this arrangement can bring a flow of 100 litres per minute.
  • These pumps are also friendly for women, kids, and older people who found operating hand pumps in the bend position.
  • This technology utilizes human power generated by pedalling a bicycle to lift water from ponds, canals, and wells.
  • When the cycle pedalled, it creates an up and down motion of pistons which pressurizes water flow.
  • It is a non-polluting and environment- friendly device. It requires less maintenance, and minimum input energy is required to get the maximum output of water. 
  • This device can be transported easily from one place to another. People can also use the system in a flour mill.



Joy Pumps

  • These pumps were designed to mitigate water scarcity problems in villages with no clean surface water source, no electricity, and insufficient monetary capacity. 
  • Span Pumps Pvt Limited, a Pune-based company, is designing such pumps in India.
  • It is an arrangement similar to a conventional hand pump attached below a merry-go-round wheel or a seesaw.
  • It uses the playful energy of children or operators collectively to pump water. See Saw pumps use force lift technology to fetch water from a water source to an overhead tank above the ground level for storage and distribution.
  • The technology is the same as the hand pump technique, and it is elementary to maintain at the village level.


There are the following advantages of using the Joy Pumps.

  1. It can easily lift water up to 8m above ground for storage and distribution.
  2. Easy to install and safe to use.
  3. Low operation and maintenance cost.
  4. Convenient for use in village and remote areas.
  1. Wello Water Wheels
  • It was innovated by a US-based social entrepreneur, Cynthia Koeing.
  • It is around a wheel-shaped storage tanker with an attached handle on top to provide easy mobility.
  • It becomes popular in the villages of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan.
  • It is designed to save working women’s time. Water wheels can store up to 10 to 50 litres of water in hygienic conditions.
  • It’s estimated that Indian women and young girls spend up to 25 per cent of their time each day collecting water.
  • It allows for three to five times more water to be transported at one time than traditional methods.

Advantages of Wello Water Wheels

  1. Wello Water Wheels are available in the market at an affordable price.
  2. They designed a Unique cap-in-cap design that keeps water clean.
  3. It allows Handhold for better handling while filling and emptying the container.
  4. It enables households to use their time more in productive work.