4.5 Measures Taken by The Government for Water Conservation


  • Rajasthan government has started the scheme called ‘Mukhya Mantri Jal Swavlamban Abhiyan’ to facilitate effective water conservation and water harvesting related activities in rural areas.
  • Maharashtra has launched a project called ‘Jalyukt-Shivar’, which leads to making 5000 villages free of water scarcity every year.
  • The Telangana government has launched a mission called Mission Kakatiya. The objective is to increase the agriculture-based income for small and marginal farmers by strengthening community-based irrigation management, adopting a comprehensive programme for restoration of tanks, accelerating the development of minor irrigation infrastructure.

Jal Shakti Abhiyan

  • In 2019, the Ministry of Jal Shakti launched the Jal Shakti Abhiyan, focusing on water-stressed districts and blocks.
  • It is a scheme for water conservation and water security in the country through a collaborative effort of various ministries of India and state governments.
  • Last year Jal Shakti Abhiyan covered 256 water-stressed districts across the country. There is essential intervention included in this scheme, water conservation and rainwater harvesting.
  • Renovation of traditional and other water bodies.
  • Reuse of water and recharging of structures.
  • Watershed development and Intensive afforestation.

Jal Jeevan Mission

  • Ministry of Jal Shakti has started an initiative called Jal Jeevan Mission to ensure access to piped water for every household in rural India.
  • The Jal Jeevan Mission is based on various water conservation efforts like point recharge, the desilting of minor irrigation tanks, and greywater for agriculture and source sustainability. It will be based on a community approach to water.

Jal Shakti Mantrlaya

  • The Indian Government has created a new Ministry called ‘Jal Shakti’after merging the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation with the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
  • Providing clean drinking water, International and inter-states water disputes, Namami Gange project aimed at cleaning Ganga and its tributaries, and sub-tributaries these issues will be dealt with under Jal’s ministry Shakti.
  • The ministry was incorporated to clean the river Ganges.
  • A unique project, the “Namami Gange” project, has been launched to clean Ganga and its tributaries to provide safe drinking water to the country’s people.
  • The ministry has also launched its unique campaigns on social so that citizens of the country become aware of water conservation.

Important: Our available water supply is finite. That means we do not have an endless amount of water. 

Scientists, hydrologists, foresters, wildlife managers, city planners, fishers, and mine owners are not the only ones who care about water conservation. Instead, it is up to each of us to practise water conservation.