4.1 Innovations to reduce plastic waste

Let’s look at the Reverse Vending Machine concept and how it helps us minimize plastic pollution.

1.1 Reverse Vending Machine

What is that?

  • A Reverse Vending Machine is a technological device that accepts used plastic bottles and beverage containers by people and returns them some amount of money as an incentive. 
  • It is installed in public places to get rid of plastic bottles. 
  • The concept of Reverse Vending Machine serves as a solution to the problem of plastic pollution caused due to products, especially plastic bottles, which are commonly used for storing cold drinks, fruit juices etc. 
  • Reverse Vending Machine process by accepting plastic items and gives coins as a reward according to the weight of plastic items.
  • Reverse Vending Machine supports only plastic items as an input, coins as an output.

How does It help in Plastic Waste Management?

  • A Reverse Vending Machine is a low-cost automatic machine that crushes the plastic bottles to a reduced size.
  • The crushed plastic bottle consumes less energy when it goes to the recycling process. 

Benefits of Reverse Vending Machine

  • Reverse Vending Machines reduce employee work, also saves time and energy.
  • It reduces landfills and increases recycling.
  • It generates employment opportunities, especially for rag pickers and recyclers.

RVM in India

  • ZELENO, a brand of RVM recycle Pvt. Ltd., brings the Reverse Vending Machine to India for the first time.
  • It allows people to dispose of the PET bottles and, in return, get rewards. 
  • They came up with an awareness of how to dispose of plastic waste properly. 
  • Under the scheme of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, they have installed RVM in 36 cities across India.