2.Plastic Pollution

In the previous chapter we understood the concept of plastic, its history and how it is plays an important role in our day to day life. Now we are going to read how plastic formed into a plastic pollution and impacts our environment.

Plastic Pollution

  • Plastics are derived from natural, organic materials such as cellulose, coal, natural gas, salt and, of course, crude oil. 
  • We can understand plastic pollution as a collection of plastic objects and particles in the earth’s environment which adversely affects wildlife, ocean life and human life.                                                                                   
  • In today’s world from tourist beaches to rivers plastic pollution can be found everywhere.                                                                                                 
  • Since the 1950s, around 3 billion tons of plastic have been produced worldwide.                                                                                                             
  • Plastic Pollution is the collection of plastic objects and particles like bottles and bags which affects badly the ocean life, wildlife, and human in the earth
  • Plastic is killing more than 1 million seabirds and animals every year
  • 90 percent of plastic polluting our oceans is carried by just 10 rivers.
  • The decomposition rate of plastic typically ranges from 500 to 600 years, depending on the type.


The use of Plastic also has a social effect. A possible decline in the marine environment’s leisure and aesthetic qualities is one of the social costs. Furthermore, plastic waste endangers human health, either directly (for example, sharp fragments of broken plastic in the sand) or indirectly (through harmful toxic substances).

  • A recent study conducted by Un-Plastic Collective has revealed that India generates 46 million tonnes of plastic waste annually, of which 40 percent remains uncollected and 43 percent is used for packaging, most of which are of single-use plastic. 
  • Cigarette butts contain multiple materials including cellulose acetate,  plastic, as well as a host of toxic chemical

“While we understand the magnitude of the problem of plastic pollution now lets look at how everyone is getting affected.”