2.5 Impacts of Plastic Pollution

2.5 Impacts of the Plastic Pollution

Plastic Pollution is spreading like a disease which has no cure. We all must realize how harmful it impacts on our daily lives.

Climate Change  

  • Plastic Pollution is also contributing to the serious issues of Global warming, Greenhouse emission, etc.
  • When plastic decomposes, carbon dioxide and methane gas are created which increases the hazardous risk of global warming and climate change.                                                          






Marine Environment-

Millions of animals are killed by plastics every year, from birds to fish to other marine organisms. Nearly 700 species, including endangered ones, are known to have been affected by plastics. Almost any species of seabird eats plastics. Let us know more.

  • Ganesh Chaturthi is one of the most celebrated festival every year in various parts of the country, especially Maharashtra.
  • Due to the Ganesh Chaturthi festival a Huge amounts of waste is generated .From flowers, fruits, incense sticks stuffed in polyethylene bags, idols made of Plaster of Paris that are toxic for under marine life, all go straight into local water bodies.
  • Ganesh idols are often decorated with toxic paints which contains heavy metals such as lead and mercury which seeps into the water after the idol immersion, and adds to the acidic level of water which is not good for the environment and marine life.



























  • Marine wildlife such as whales, dolphins, turtles, fishes mostly die due to starvation as their stomach is filled with plastic wastage.
  • They consume floating plastic which leads them to suffer from various internal infections, injuries, etc. 
  • We can replace these plastics with biodegradable materials like cardboard and handmade recycled paper.
  • Also, using fresh flowers to adorn the Ganesh idols instead of plastic ones it may help to reduce chocking marine life and water bodies. 
    Lets have a look on below picture to make understand how marine water gives major contribution in our life.
  • You may have seen animals like cows, buffaloes, and dogs eating plastic polythene lying here and there across the roads. The plastic chokes their respiratory system and they die because of breathlessness.

  • We can save the animals by being careful and vigilant in not throwing the plastic waste on roads.

Tourism Sector-

  • Plastic pollution is becoming a growing concern for tourism sites.
  • Waste increasingly originates from tourism activities and ends up in the ocean due to poor management of solid waste consumption.
  • If you have ever visited to river in India, you will find stray bottles which are contributing a lot of garbage. The river Ganges gives the lifeline of more than 500 million people across India.
  • But sewage, industrial wastewater, and the dumping of 1.2 billion pounds of plastic each year making it more vulnerable.
  • The large number of industrial cities are established near Ganga river area like Kanpur, Prayagraj, Varanasi etc. They polluted Ganges by dumping untreated waste into it.
  • Ganga has become most polluted. Plastic pollution is highly visible, and the chemical and faecal contaminate level is far beyond the safety level for humans.

To tackle with this serious issue “Namami Gange” mission has launched by the Indian Government. This mission includes to filter Ganga water from the pollution ad save its beauty.

Let’s take a pledge when next time we visit near any river and beaches we will not throw any single plastic on land or river and we will also other’s not to do it.


How do plastics move around the world?

The majority of the plastic trash that ends up in the oceans, Earth’s final drain, comes from shore. Big rivers also transport garbage to the sea, acting as conveyor belts, taking up more and more trash as they flow downstream. Most of the plastic waste that has been discarded at sea has remained in coastal waters. It can, however, be transported around the world until caught up in ocean currents.

Previous chapter we understand how plastic is leading to a chronic issue for our earth environment and how we are getting trapped by its impact now let’s take a look how we can get rid of from this problem.