The idea of inanimate objects appearing in life as intelligent beings have been around for a very long time. The common Greeks had myths about robots, and Chinese and Egyptian engineers built robots.
The beginnings of recent AI are often traced to classical philosophers’ attempts to explain human thinking as a representative system. But the area of AI wasn’t formally discovered until 1956, at a conference at Dartmouth College where the term “artificial intelligence” was invented.
MIT scientist Marvin Minsky et al. Who attended the conference was extremely enthusiastic about AI’s future. “Within a generation, the matter of making ‘artificial intelligence’ will substantially be solved,” Minsky is quoted as saying within the book “AI: The Tumultuous look for Artificial Intelligence”
But achieving an artificially intelligent being wasn’t so simple. After several reports criticizing progress in AI, government funding and interest within the field dropped off – a period from 1974–80 that became referred to as the “AI winter.” the sector later revived within the 1980s when the British government started funding it again partially to compete with efforts by the Japanese.
But research began to select up again then, and in 1997, IBM’s Deep Blue became the primary computer to beat a chess champion when it defeated Russian grandmaster Garry Kasparov. And in 2011, the pc giant’s question-answering system Watson won the quiz show “Jeopardy!” by defeating powerful champions, Ken Jennings & Brad Rutter.
This year, the talking computer “chatbot” Eugene Goostman captured headlines for tricking judges into thinking he was real skin-and-blood human during a Turing test, a contest developed by British mathematician and scientist Turing in 1950 as to how to assess whether a machine is intelligent.
But the accomplishment has been controversial, with AI experts saying that only a 3rd of the judges were fooled, and remarking that the bot was ready to dodge some questions by claiming it had been a teenager who spoke English as a second language.
Many experts now believe the Turing test isn’t an honest measure of AI.
The powerful majority of people in Artificial Intelligence who have studied the matter, for the foremost part, think it’s a really cheap test because it only looks at external behaviour.
In fact, some scientists now decide to develop an updated version of the test. But the sector of AI has become much broader than simply the pursuit of truth, humanlike intelligence.
.Reference – https://www.livescience.com
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